This paper explores Palestinian public attitudes to democracy. The findings show that the Palestinian public generally views democracy as the most suitable political system to govern their country. They also indicate that the Palestinian public does not believe democracy to be contradictory with Islam. In addition, an overwhelming majority (85%) of Palestinians refute the assertion that safety and security could justify curtailment of human rights. Over two-thirds of Palestinians supported the electoral rise to power of an Islamist political party, while one-third voiced their support for a non-Islamic/secular political party coming to power through the ballot box.