ISIL is the legitimate child of the crisis of the political regime that developed in Iraq after 2003. The eight-year rule of former Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki instituted a monopoly on power and renewed the tradition belief that the basis for power is a unitary identity. The article affirms that the main step for taking on ISIL is to dismantle its social incubator. To do this, it is necessary to link it with the military path. Dismantling the incubator for ISIL is more important and of higher priority than the military track. The state in the Mashreq cannot continue on the basis of the regimes and laws operative in the past. The days when the state founded the basis for its rule on a specific unitary identity, from among many identities in the country, have ended. The Mashreq state will not succeed in building political arrangements to enable the other components of the country to reach the decision making institution and aspire to establish a true national space. Otherwise it will remain in violent crisis, and liable to collapse at any time with the prospect of becoming another Somalia or Afghanistan, with all the tragedy and destruction that would entail.